Was The the Home of Stephen Blucke The Excavation of AkDi-23, Birchtown, Shelburne County (Curatorial Report #93)


  • Laird Niven


Stephen Blucke, AkDi-23, Birchtown, Shelburne County, Black Loyalists, Excavations


Birchtown, Nova Scotia, was founded by Black Loyalists in 1783 and was the largest and most significant settlement of free Blacks in North America. Although its population grew rapidly, Birchtown did not thrive. The discrimination and inequity the Black Loyalists had hoped to escape followed them to Nova Scotia. In 1791 their discontent led half of Birchtown's population to join the exodus for Sierra Leone in West Africa, an event from which the settlement would never recover. This report describes the 1998 excavation of what is believed to have been the house of Colonel Stephen Blucke, the man who led the Black Loyalists to Birchtown.

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