3-91 Violaceae, violet family

Marian C. Munro, Ruth E. Newell, Nicholas M. Hill

Abstract


Known by most as one of our earliest spring wild flowers, the violets are our single genus of a family with 800 species worldwide, divided into 16 genera. Typically, the flowers are perfect, but irregular and five-merous. Lowermost petal is modified into a spur. Lower two stamens have a spurlike nectary on the dorsal surface. Sepals are persistent. Fruit is a capsule. Leaves are alternate or whorled, toothed or lobed. Nova scotia material requires flowers for certain identification.Photo use donated by Martin Thomas, Ross Hall, Marian Munro, Sean Blaney, David Mazerolle, Alain Belliveau, and Andy Dean.


Keywords


Magnoliophyte, violet family, dicots, Viola, pansy, violet, johnny-jump-up

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