Sustainable Healthy Diets: Food Swaps for Our Health & Our Planet

Helen Wong


A healthy diet is important for our health, helping to reduce the risk of noncommunicable diseases and prevent malnutrition. Our diets and food choices can also have major impacts on the environment. Therefore, in thinking about healthy diets, we must also consider our planet. We can aim for diets that are healthy and diverse, with low environmental impacts. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) has outlined guiding principles for the definition of “sustainable healthy diets”. Based on these guiding principles, this infographic suggests food swaps that are beneficial both for our health and our planet, which can be used for the promotion of sustainable healthy diets. 


FAO, WHO. (2019). Sustainable healthy diets – Guiding principles. Rome.

WHO. (2018). Information sheet - A healthy diet sustainably produced. WHO.



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