Fungal Tracheitis Mimics Croup

Andrea L Darnbrough, Liane B Johnson


A rare case report of a 16-month-old child’s survival of obstructive fungal tracheitis is presented. Atypical lifethreateningcroup in an immunocompromised patient often heralds very poor clinical outcomes due to underlyinginfection. Deep Candida infections are very rare, relegated to immunocompromised hosts and are often fatal dueto extensive local tracheal cartilage destruction, with or without disseminated systemic disease. The literature ondeep candida infections is reviewed in the context of this patient’s clinical course in hospital, focusing on airwaymanagement, treatment outcome, and risks of future relapse.

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