Airway Management: Methods of Oxygenation
Airway management in the emergency or elective setting encompasses a collection of important skills and training necessary for all health care providers. The purpose of this review is to provide trainees with a general overview of the important techniques and strategies used in airway management. We present a case scenario of a failed airway to illustrate the clinical application of these techniques. Special attention is given to bag-mask-ventilation, the use of extra-glottic devices, tracheal intubation, and surgical airways, as these are the basic airway management
Furthermore, we describe factors that influence the selection of an airway management technique depending on the situation, including the training and skills of the individual practitioner, the availability of equipment and
medications, the level of acuity (elective vs. emergency), as well as patient-specific factors. The goal is to equip trainees with basic knowledge surrounding emergency airway management and encourage trainees to seek clinical opportunities to practice these skills.
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